figs season

When Are Figs in Season?

Figs are in season from late summer to early fall, typically from August to October. However, the exact timing can vary depending on your location and the specific variety of fig. Some figs, such as the Brown Turkey fig, may ripen earlier in the season, while others, like the Black Mission fig, may not be ready until later in the fall. Additionally, dried figs are available year-round and can be enjoyed at any time.

Understanding Figs

Figs are a delicious fruit that can be enjoyed fresh or dried. They are often used in desserts, salads, and even savory dishes.

Fig Varieties

There are hundreds of fig varieties, but some of the most common ones are Black Mission, Brown Turkey, Kadota, and Calimyrna. Black Mission figs are dark purple and have a sweet flavor. Brown Turkey figs are brownish-purple and have a milder flavor. Kadota figs are green and have a honey-like flavor, while Calimyrna figs are large and have a nutty flavor.

Fig Growth Cycle

Figs grow on trees and have a unique growth cycle. The fig tree produces two crops of figs each year: the first crop in early summer and the second crop in late summer or early fall. The first crop is called the breba crop, and it grows on the previous year’s growth. The second crop grows on the current year’s growth and is the main crop.

Here is a breakdown of the fig growth cycle:

  • Winter: During the winter months, the fig tree is dormant and does not produce any fruit.
  • Spring: In the spring, the fig tree produces new shoots, and the breba crop begins to form on the previous year’s growth.
  • Early Summer: The breba crop ripens and is harvested in early summer.
  • Late Summer/Early Fall: The main crop begins to form on the current year’s growth and ripens in late summer or early fall.

It’s important to note that the exact timing of fig season can vary depending on where you live and the weather conditions in your area.

Fig Season Globally

The season for figs varies depending on the region and climate. Here is a breakdown of when figs are in season in different parts of the world.

Mediterranean

The Mediterranean region is known for producing some of the best figs in the world. The fig season in this region typically runs from May to September. This is when the weather is warm and dry, which is ideal for fig growth. The most popular varieties of figs grown in this region are Black Mission, Brown Turkey, and Kadota.

California

California is the largest producer of figs in the United States. The fig season in California starts in June and lasts until September. The most commonly grown varieties in California are Black Mission, Brown Turkey, and Calimyrna.

South Africa

South Africa is a major producer of figs in the Southern Hemisphere. The fig season in South Africa runs from January to April. The most popular varieties grown in this region are King and Cape White.

Australia

Australia is another major producer of figs in the Southern Hemisphere. The fig season in Australia starts in December and lasts until February. The most commonly grown varieties in Australia are Brown Turkey and Black Genoa.

Middle East

The Middle East is where figs were first cultivated thousands of years ago. The fig season in this region typically runs from June to September. The most popular varieties grown in this region are Brown Turkey and Kadota.

Fig Season in the United States

When it comes to fig season in the United States, it varies depending on the state. Here’s a breakdown of when you can expect to find fresh figs in each region.

California Figs

California is the largest producer of figs in the United States, and fig season typically lasts from May to November. The most popular varieties of figs grown in California are Black Mission, Brown Turkey, and Kadota.

VarietySeason
Black MissionMay to November
Brown TurkeyJune to October
KadotaAugust to October

Texas Figs

Texas has a shorter fig season than California, typically running from June to August. The most common fig varieties grown in Texas are Brown Turkey and Celeste.

VarietySeason
Brown TurkeyJune to August
CelesteJuly to August

Florida Figs

Florida’s fig season is shorter than both California and Texas, typically running from July to September. The most common variety grown in Florida is the Celeste fig.

VarietySeason
CelesteJuly to September

No matter where you live, it’s always a good idea to check with your local farmers’ market or grocery store to find out when fresh figs are in season. Keep in mind that the season can vary slightly from year to year depending on weather conditions.

Fig Season in Every State

Click here to see the fig season for every state in the

StateFig Season
AlabamaJuly to September
AlaskaNot grown
ArizonaJune to October
ArkansasJuly to September
CaliforniaJune to September
ColoradoNot grown
ConnecticutAugust to September
DelawareAugust to September
FloridaJune to August
GeorgiaJune to September
HawaiiYear-round
IdahoAugust to September
IllinoisAugust to September
IndianaAugust to September
IowaNot grown
KansasNot grown
KentuckyAugust to September
LouisianaJune to September
MaineNot grown
MarylandAugust to September
MassachusettsAugust to September
MichiganAugust to September
MinnesotaNot grown
MississippiJuly to September
MissouriAugust to September
MontanaNot grown
NebraskaNot grown
NevadaJuly to September
New HampshireAugust to September
New JerseyAugust to September
New MexicoAugust to October
New YorkAugust to September
North CarolinaJuly to September
North DakotaNot grown
OhioAugust to September
OklahomaJuly to September
OregonAugust to September
PennsylvaniaAugust to September
Rhode IslandAugust to September
South CarolinaJune to September
South DakotaNot grown
TennesseeAugust to September
TexasJune to September
UtahAugust to September
VermontNot grown
VirginiaAugust to September
WashingtonAugust to September
West VirginiaAugust to September
WisconsinNot grown
WyomingNot grown

Factors Affecting Fig Season

Here are some of the key factors that can affect the timing of the fig season.

Climate

The climate plays a significant role in determining when figs are in season. Figs grow best in warm, dry climates with long, hot summers. In these conditions, figs typically ripen in late summer or early fall. However, if the weather is too hot or too dry, the figs may ripen earlier or later than usual. On the other hand, if the weather is too cool or too wet, the figs may not ripen at all.

Cultivation Practices

Cultivation practices can also affect the timing of the fig season. For example, growers can use pruning techniques to control the timing of the fig harvest. By pruning the trees in a specific way, growers can encourage the figs to ripen earlier or later in the season. Similarly, growers can use irrigation to control the timing of the fig harvest. By adjusting the amount and timing of the irrigation, growers can encourage the figs to ripen earlier or later in the season.

In addition to pruning and irrigation, other cultivation practices can also affect the timing of the fig season. For example, growers can use fertilizers to promote growth and fruit development. By using the right fertilizers at the right time, growers can encourage the figs to ripen at a specific time in the season. Similarly, growers can use pest control measures to protect the figs from insects and diseases. By preventing damage from pests, growers can ensure that the figs ripen properly and on time.

Storing and Preserving Figs

Figs are a delicate fruit that require proper storage to ensure their freshness and flavor. Here are some tips for storing and preserving figs:

1. Refrigerate Figs

Figs should be stored in the refrigerator to keep them fresh for longer. Place them in a plastic or paper bag and store them in the crisper drawer of your refrigerator. Figs can last up to 5 days in the refrigerator.

2. Freeze Figs

If you have too many figs and can’t eat them all before they spoil, consider freezing them. Wash and dry the figs, then cut off the stems and slice them in half. Place the figs in a single layer on a baking sheet and freeze for a few hours. Once frozen, transfer them to a freezer-safe container or bag. Frozen figs can last up to 6 months in the freezer.

3. Preserve Figs

You can also preserve figs by canning them. First, wash and dry the figs, then cut off the stems and slice them in half. In a large pot, combine 4 cups of sugar, 2 cups of water, and 1/4 cup of lemon juice. Bring the mixture to a boil, then add the figs. Simmer for about 30 minutes, or until the figs are soft and the syrup has thickened. Ladle the figs and syrup into sterilized jars and process in a water bath for 10 minutes.

4. Dehydrate Figs

Another way to preserve figs is by dehydrating them. Wash and dry the figs, then cut off the stems and slice them in half. Place the figs on a dehydrator tray and dry them at 135°F for 8-10 hours, or until they are completely dry. Store the dried figs in an airtight container in a cool, dry place. Dried figs can last up to a year.

Nutritional Information Table for Figs

NutrientAmount per 100g% Daily Value*
Calories74 kcal4%
Carbohydrates19.18 g6%
Fiber2.9 g12%
Sugars16.26 g
Protein0.75 g1%
Fat0.3 g0%
Vitamin K3.9 µg5%
Potassium232 mg5%
Magnesium17 mg4%
Calcium35 mg4%
Iron0.37 mg2%

*Percent Daily Values are based on a 2000 calorie diet. Data from USDA.

Please note that these values are approximate and can vary based on factors such as the variety and ripeness of the fig. Figs are also a good source of dietary fiber and various antioxidants.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the best months to buy figs?

Figs are typically in season twice a year, with the first season starting in late spring or early summer, and the second season starting in late summer or early fall. The exact months can vary depending on your location and climate, but generally, you can expect to find fresh figs in grocery stores and farmer’s markets from June to September.

How can you tell when figs are ripe?

When figs are ripe, they should be soft to the touch and have a sweet aroma. The skin should be thin and not too tough. You can also tell if a fig is ripe by looking at the color. Ripe figs will have a deep color and may even have cracks in the skin. If the figs are too firm, they are not ripe yet, and if they are too mushy, they may be overripe.

Is it necessary to eat the skin of a fig?

The skin of a fig is edible and contains many nutrients, so it is not necessary to peel the skin before eating. However, some people may prefer to peel the skin off, especially if it is tough or has a bitter taste. If you do decide to eat the skin, make sure to wash the figs thoroughly first to remove any dirt or debris.